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Techno-Economic Analysis of the Usage of Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) System Compared to Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) for Power Generation in Nigeria

Issues concerning increasing population on the global scale have greatly increased the overall demand of energy in different forms but mainly as electrical power for industrial and domestic needs. With a population of over 231,400,000 people as stated by World Bank, between (60-70)% of this population have little or no access to electricity. As a result, fossil fuels have since been employed but its effects on health, environment, and climate have been detrimental. Restorative measures to the environment against further impact have precipitated the need for renewable energy (R. E) sources that are better alternatives. This study looks into solar photovoltaic (PV) as a R. E source, limiting its scope to self-generation in Calabar and attempts to draw comparison with the conventional method for self-generation (petrol generator) of equal capacity and equivalent working conditions. Experiment was carried out on test-bed quantitatively and qualitatively to determine unit values like fuel consumption rate and emissions respectively for the test-bed. Values obtained were simulated using HOMER PRO alongside generated irradiance value for solar PV. Other values obtained were simulated with actual parameters like capital cost, operational & maintenance cost, etc., to determine the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) and emissions rate for individual systems over a period of 10yrs. Results yielded a Net LCOE of 1.924/kWh and Net Zero emission for PV system; a Net LCOE of 16.401/kWh and a Net emission (Carbon content only) of 365,240 kg/yr for engine test-bed curing the two basic issues of cost and emission on the long-term.

Photovoltaic, Homer Pro, Solar, Irradiation, Emissions, Renewable Energy

Diwa James Enyia, Paul Chibundu Uzomah. (2023). Techno-Economic Analysis of the Usage of Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) System Compared to Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) for Power Generation in Nigeria. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications, 11(4), 94-99.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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